Citizens Opposing Political Corruption
    in Montana's Elections

People's Power League 
Fighting Corporate Control of Montana Government
Since June 11, 1911

"OPEN" RETALIATION

Taunting Montana Voters Can Be Dangerous
to the Success of Montana's Political Parties

For 102 years, Montana voters have nominated candidates in an open primary starting with U.S. senator and representatives, governor and other state officials, continuing down the ballot to local officials. The record on the open presidential preference primary has been a tug-of-war with voters winning until now. There lies the story.

Timeline of Battles Won and Victories Delayed

  • 1919: Democrats in the legislature tried three times to end the Open Primary. Prior to this legislative session, Montana had elected Democratic governors for 24 years, but voters now retaliated and put a Republican into the  governor's office.  The voters also gave the governor a Republican majority in both the House and Senate.  Adding them up, the Republican legislators overwhelmed the Democrats -- 139 to 23. 

  • 1924: The new legislature, having regained a reasonable number of Democrats, humbly put a referendum on the ballot that would end the Open Presidential Preference Primary.  Voters, by a narrow margin, repealed the primary.  They also made peace with the Democrats and returned them to the governor's office for the next 16 years.

  • 1954: Republicans went to the voters to restore the Open Presidential Preference Primary and was rewarded with the Governor’s office for the next 16 years. Montana might still be governed by a Republican governor but the party experimented with statewide crossover voting. In 1965, the public learned of the abuse of the Open Primary. The Republican blunder put Democrats back into the governor’s office for 20 years.

  • 1985: Once more Democrats tried to close the Open Presidential Preference Primary based on a U.S. Supreme Court ruling about Freedom to Associate. The Republicans blocked four bills that would have closed the primary. Voters rewarded Republicans with control of the governor’s office for the next 16 years.

  • 2016: Will the Republican Party pay a steep political cost for closing the Open Primary? Will they lock themselves out of the governor’s office into the foreseeable future? Or, will they find that closing the primary is not really their cup of tea? Well time will tell. Freedom of Association allows Republicans to reject being exclusive and continue being inclusive. They can invite all voters to their party.

So Where's the Proof?      Click Here

In the full report on the history of the open primary, you can check the facts to see if you come to the same conclusions.  The story is inspiring and even entertaining.  It's a long story -- interwoven with 102 years of political history in Montana.

Each year of the timeline has a link directly to material that may catch your interest more than others.  But, the best thing is the conclusion.  History may be cycling again and Matthew Monforton may be about to realize what a mistake the Conservative Republicans are making.

 To Learn More

The Montana Nonpartisan  1919

This poster was published in the Montana Nonpartisan, a Great Falls newspaper.  It was used in the 1919 fight to stop any legislation designed to end the open primary.  The fight also included a court case decided by the Montana Supreme Court.


2014 Results for Primary and General Election in SD 43

In comparing the results of the primary election for Senate District 43, Ravalli County, to the results in the general election, one can estimate the crossover vote. Seven percent of the voters who selected a Republican ballot in the primary may have voted for the Democrat in the general election. Or, there is another, equally valid, interpretation. The Ravalli County Democrats may have done a better job in getting an additional seven percent of their voters to the polls.

  Primary Election SD 43

  Democrat    Republican

       22%            78%

  General Election SD 43

  Democrat    Republican

       29%            71%


"No stream can rise higher than its source and the law proceeds from the people, consequently there is no such thing as law that stands independent of popular opinion, and for the legislatures and courts to...divorce the law from reason,...would be fatal to the law and destructive to the country." 
Billings Daily Gazette (April  1910)